Scrophularia amplexicaulis: Red Data Book of Armenia

EN B 1 ab(iii) + 2 ab(iii)

Category. Endangered species. The extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy are less than 500 km2. The species faces decline of the extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy caused by internal factors and changes in habitat conditions. In the first edition of the Red Data Book of Armenia it was included under Category 2: Rare species. It is not included in the Annexes of CITES and that of the Bern Convention.

Description. Densely adenotrichous perennial plant 12–50 cm. Leaves amplexicaul, oblong cordate–ovate, acuminate, acute–dentate. Inflorescence short, spiciform, few–flowered. Corolla 7–9 mm long, green.

Distribution. In Armenia it grows in Zangezur (Kaputdjugh and Khustup mountains). AOO is 12 km2, the number of locations is 2. Besides Armenia the species grows in Nakhichevan, Talish, South–East Anatolia and Iran.

Ecological, biological and phytocoenological peculiarities. Grows in sub–alpine and alpine belts, at the altitudes of 2200–3200 meters above sea level, between the cracks of the rocks, in the meadows. Flowering from June to July, fruiting from July to August.

Limiting factors. Restricted extent of occurrence and area of occupancy, loss/degradation of habitats caused by climate changes.

Conservation actions. No conservation actions. Necessary: monitoring of the population state.

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