Tamamschjaniella rubella: Red Data Book of Armenia

CR B 1 ab(ii,iii,v) + 2 ab(ii,iii,v)

Category. Critically endangered species. Endemic of the Caucasus. In Armenia only one population is known. The extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy are less than 10 km2. It was not included in the first edition of the Red Data Book of Armenia. It is not included in the Annexes of CITES and that of the Bern Convention.

Description. Perennial herb 40–90 cm with long creeping rhizome. Basal leaves bipinnate–dissected. Bracts absent or 1–3, subulate. Calyx teeth absent. Petals pinkish–violet or dark violet. Stylopodium shortly conical. Carpophore bipartite only in upper half. Mericarp ridges short, cariniform; valleculae with 5–6 vittae.

Distribution. In Armenia it grows only in Lori floristic region (neighborhood of the village Gargar). AOO is 8 km2, the number of locations is 1. Besides Armenia it grows on the Greater Caucasus, in West, Central and East Transcaucasia, North–East Anatolia.

Ecological, biological and phytocoenological peculiarities. Grows in middle mountain belt, at the altitudes of 1500–1800 meters above sea level, in the beech forest glades. Flowering from July to August, fruiting from August to September.

Limiting factors. Restricted extent of occurrence and area of occupancy, loss/degradation of habitats caused by deforestation, road construction.

Conservation actions. No conservation actions. Necessary: monitoring of the population state.

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