Stenotaenia daralaghezica: Red Data Book of Armenia

EN B 1 ab(i,ii,iii) + 2 ab(i,ii,iii)

Category. Endangered species. Endemic of South Transcaucasia. The extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy are less than 500 km2. It was included in the first edition of the Red Data Book of Armenia under Category 2: Rare species. It is not included in the Annexes of CITES and that of the Bern Convention.

Description. Perennial herb up to 1 m. Leaves pubescent, pinnate, of 2–4 pairs almost round, lobate–incised segments. Umbel rays very unequal. Petals purple. Fruits pyriform, sparsely pubescent, with admixture of setiform hairs; mericarps with marginate ridges and numerous vittae. Very decorative plant.

Distribution. In Armenia it occurs only in Darelegis floristic region (Karmrashen, Djermuk, Selim mountain pass). EOO is 370 km2, AOO is 20 km2, the number of locations is 3. Besides Armenia it grows in Nakhichevan.

Ecological, biological and phytocoenological peculiarities. Grows in middle and upper mountain belts, at the altitudes of 1600–2000 meters above sea level, among shrubs, on clay slopes, among sub–alpine tall grasses. Flowering in July, fruiting in August.

Limiting factors. Restricted extent of occurrence and area of occupancy, fragmentation of the area of distribution, loss/degradation of habitats caused by the expansion of arable lands, intensive grazing.

Conservation actions. No conservation actions. Necessary: monitoring of the population state.

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