Scrophularia atropatana: Red Data Book of Armenia

CR B 1 ab(i,ii,iii,iv) + 2 ab(i,ii,iii,iv)

Category. Critically endangered species. The area of distribution is severely fragmented. The extent of occurrence and area of occupancy are less than 10 km2. The species faces decline of the extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy caused by changes in habitat conditions. In the first edition of the Red Data Book of Armenia it was included under Category 1: Endangered species. It is not included in the Annexes of CITES and that of the Bern Convention.

Description. Biennial plant 20–30 cm. Leaves (oblong–) ovate, crenate, long–petiolate. Corolla 2–3 cm long, variegated; lower lobes whitish.

Distribution. In Armenia it grows only in Yerevan floristic region (neighborhoods of Nor–Hachn and Chiman villages). AOO is 8 km2, the number of locations is 2, the distance between which is 50 kilometers. Besides Armenia the species grows in Nakhichevan, East Anatolia and North–West Iran.

Ecological, biological and phytocoenological peculiarities. Grows in middle mountain belt, at the altitude of 1000–1400 meters above sea level, on dry stony slopes, on grinded boulders of the river and on screes, in the semi–desert and mountain steppe. Flowering from May to June, fruiting from June to July.

Limiting factors. Restricted extent of occurrence and area of occupancy, loss/degradation of habitats caused by the influence of anthropogenic factor.

Conservation actions. No conservation actions. Necessary: monitoring of the population state.

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